Cancer


Fact: About 1,665,540 new cancer cases are expected to be diagnosed in 2014


Fact: Approximately 1600 people die per day of cancer



What is Cancer?


Cancer is the general name for a group of more than 100 diseases. These groups of diseases cause cells in the body to change and grow out of control. Most types of cancer cells form a lump or mass called a tumor. (Not all tumors are cancer. A tumor that is not cancer is called benign, while a cancerous tumor is called malignant.) A cancerous tumor can invade and destroy healthy tissue. Cells from the cancer can break away and travel to other parts of the body. There they can continue to grow. This spreading process is called metastasis. When cancer spreads, it is still named after the part of the body where it started. (For example, if colon cancer spreads to the liver, it is still colon cancer, not liver cancer.) Benign tumors do not grow and spread the way cancer does. They are usually not a threat to life. Note that some types of cancer, such as blood cancers, do not form tumors. They can still threaten life by crowding out normal cells. 
How Does Cancer Start?


Cancer starts when cells in a part of the body start to grow out of control. Cancer cell growth is different from normal cell growth. Instead of dying, cancer cells continue to grow and form new, abnormal cells. Cancer cells can also invade (grow into) other tissues, something that normal cells can’t do. Growing out of control and invading other tissues are what makes a cell a cancer cell.

How Do Cancers Differ?
Different types of cancer can behave very differently. For instance, lung cancer and skin cancer are very different diseases. They grow at different rates and respond to different treatments. This is why people with cancer need treatment that’s aimed at their kind of cancer.
General Signs & Symptoms of Cancer

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Pain 
  • Skin Changes
  • Change in bowel habits or bladder function
  • Sores that don't heal
  • Unusual bleeding
  • White patches inside the mouth
  • White patches on the tongue
  • Recent changes in wart or mole
  • Nagging cough
  • Hoarseness

The Main Categories of Cancer include:
Cancer types can be grouped into broader categories. The main categories of cancer include:

  • Carcinoma - cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover internal organs. There are a number of subtypes of carcinoma, including adenocarcinoma, basal cell carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma, and transitional cell carcinoma.
  • Sarcoma - cancer that begins in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue.
  • Leukemia - cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood.
  • Lymphoma and myeloma - cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system.
  • Central nervous system cancers - cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal cord.
The following are organizations and/or websites dedicated to providing information, education, and research surrounding Cancer. These organizations are dedicated to research, education, awareness, and/or support. They are listed in Alphabetical order without any preference or prejudice. Listing these organizations is not a recommendation or referral in any regard for seeking treatment or consultation or support for treatment.

American Institute for Cancer Research
American Cancer Society
Cancer Care 
Cancer Research Institute
CureSearch for Children's Cancer
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Movember
Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation
National Breast Cancer Coalition Fund
National Cancer Institute
Skin Cancer Foundation

**All informative information on this page has been taken directly from The American Cancer Society website at Cancer.Org and National Cancer Institutue at Cancer.gov**
Please note that this is generalized information meant to be informative and spread awareness. This information  cannot be used to determine whether or not an individual has cancer. If you or someone you love is experiencing symptoms of any kind, please see a medical professional for proper testing and medical advice.